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This specialty is concerned with the prevention and correction of dentofacial deformities. Dentofacial deformities include protrusion of teeth, irregularities of teeth, abnormal dental and jaw relationships, abnormalities of the size and shape of jawbones and congenital deformities like clefts of lip and palate. Such deformities can produce structural, functional and aesthetic problems. A normal dental and jaw relationship is essential for normal oral functions like chewing, swallowing, and speech. Dentofacial deformities can also produce farreaching psychosocial problems.There are three modalities of treatment in orthodontics to correct dentofacial deformities. They are orthodontic treatment, growth modification treatment and surgical orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic treatment refers to moving teeth through jawbones to produce a better dental arrangement and relationship. This is usually accomplished with mechanical devices, which may be removable or fixed. Growth modification treatment aims at normalising jaw size and shape in growing children who present with abnormalities of size/shape of jaw bones.
Surgical orthodontics (orthodognathic surgery) is meant to correct jaw size discrepancies in adult patients. The Department is well equipped and manned to offer specialised treatment in all three modalities of treatment mentioned above. Doctors who have specialised in Preadjusted Edgewise Appliance (PEA) therapy, growth modification therapy (headgear, chin cap, face mask, myofunctional appliances, etc.) and surgical-orthodontic procedures are available for managing routine and complicated cases. The progress of all cases is regularly monitored by a team of specialists and progress records are maintained. The Department is also well equipped with state-of-the-art equipment and instrumentation. Strict aseptic precautions are taken to ensure prevention of crossinfection. No stone is left unturned in our endeavour to impart quality training to the students. The training offered includes theory, practical and clinical classes to ensure that the student will have accomplished proficiency in diagnosing orthodontic problems and undertaking preventive, interceptive and limited corrective orthodontic procedures, on successful completion of the training. Students are encouraged to communicate freely with the teachers for help in any matter pertaining to their studies.